17 Things You Need To Know About HPV

17 Things You Need To Know About HPV

Sep 16
17 Things You Need To Know About HPV

Human papillomavirus (or HPV) is a virus that can cause certain diseases and cancers in both males and females. Unfortunately, HPV often has no signs and symptoms. As a result, many people don’t know they have the virus. Although there is no certain cure for HPV, the body’s immune system has ability to eliminate these viruses without help or treatment. Besides, HPV prevention and testing can help avoid the potentially life-threatening consequences of the virus.

The following are 17 things you need to know about HPV. These could be very helpful to deal with the certain HPV strains.

  1. Most people have HPV

HPV often happens in people who have had a sexual encounter. In fact, if you are sexually active, you’ll be infected with the virus at some point in your lifetime. According to U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it’s estimated that about 80% of women will contract the disease before they are 50. And, two- thirds of those infected people are adolescent girls. Generally, the infection will go away on its own and there will be no long-term health’s effects. In other cases, HPV can remain in the body and cause cellular changes. As a result, that may lead to cervical cancer or other serious issues.

  1. There’s more than one kind of HPV

Scientifically, there are more than 170 types of the virus in the HPV group. Each type has its own number. But fortunately, not all of these expose health threats. In particular, there are about 40 types easily spread through oral, anal and vaginal sex. Besides, two types (HPV types 16 and 18) have been linked to cancers, typically cervical cancer in women.

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  1. Both men and women can get HPV

Both men and women who have had sexual contact can get HPV. In fact, they can contract the low- risk HPV that can cause genital warts. Whereas, high risk HPV can develop cancers in the penis, anus, cervix, throat or mouth.

  1. HPV can cause hoarseness

Commonly, HPV causes genital warts that can be treated easily by laser treatments or surgical excision of the warts. However, the disease can also develop warts in the throat. And the growths of these warts can affect the voice and cause hoarseness. In fact, this disease results from practicing oral sex on an infected partner. Moreover, it can lead to chronic coughing and breathing problems.

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  1. HPV can cause throat cancer

Studies have shown that 70 percent of throat cancers are caused by HPV. Throat cancer (also known as oropharynx cancer) can refer to cancer of the vocal cords, voice box and some parts of the throat. It commonly affects the very back of your tongue, the base and your tonsils. This disease happens as a result of performing oral sex on an infected partner. Symptoms can include a voice change, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and pain when swallowing.

  1. HPV can be spread through oral sex

Researchers have concluded that HPV could be passed by giving or receiving oral sex, and even by open mouth kissing alone. In fact, performing oral sex on an infected partner can lead to warts in the throat or throat cancer.

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  1. Brushing your teeth helps protect against HPV

A recent study has found that there is a relationship between HPV and oral health. In reality, people with poor oral health often have higher risk of HPV infection compared with those who have gums and teeth in good shape. Poor oral health can include lost teeth or gum disease. Therefore, brushing your teeth may lower your risk of getting HPV infection.

  1. There are vaccines for HPV

Getting vaccinated is the only way to prevent HPV infection. Currently, there are 2 vaccines licensed for the HPV prevention, including Cervarix and Gardasil.

  • Cervarix, manufactured by GSK, can fight against HPV types 16 and 18.
  • Gardasil, manufactured by Sanofi Pasteur MSD, can fight against 4 HPV types (6, 11, 16 and 18).

Both of them are 99 per cent effective in preventing genital warts and pre-cancers.

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  1. One shot may be enough

Experts recommend every woman get three doses of the HPV vaccine at separate times. However, a new research has found that 1 dose could be enough. But, you’d better follow the recommendation.

  1. Younger is better for the HPV vaccine

According to many experts, girls (at the ages of 11 – 12) and every woman should get vaccinated before their sexual activities. In fact, that can offer the best protection against HPV.

  1. Boys can get HPV vaccinated too

HPV can develop cancers in men, including cancers of the throat, mouth, anus and penis. Therefore, vaccination can help reduce their transmission of HPV. In fact, Gardasil is approved for boys aged between 11- 12.

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  1. The HPV vaccine is safe

Doctors believe that the HPV vaccine is completely safe. Although it causes a little pain when the needle goes in, it can stimulate the body’s immune system fight against HPV.

  1. The HPV vaccine may be free

According to recent changes in health law, people who are under the Affordable Care Act can receive the HPV vaccine free. Without insurance, you have to pay $130 for each dose of the HPV vaccine.

  1. HPV vaccines aren’t recommended for those over age 26

The HPV vaccine is often useless for those 26 or older because they have probably already been exposed to the virus. However, they are suggested a Pap test to look for abnormal changes in the cervix. That can realize the diseases caused by HPV. This test is recommended for all women aged between 21- 65.

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  1. There are new tests available for HPV

HPV test or Pap smear is a screening test for pre-cancerous cells on the cervix, which can help diagnose the HPV infections. Women can have this test. But, there is no HPV test recommended for men. That is because test results for men are unclear. Also, it cannot be known which part should be tested.

  1. You still require a Pap test, even if you get the HPV vaccine

A Pap test can provide an earlier detection of cancer. In fact, it gives you a faster, more comprehensive diagnosis of probable cervical pre-cancer. Therefore, all women are recommended to have this test every 3 years.

  1. Women are more likely to transmit HPV

Women are more at risk of spreading the HPV infections.  It’s due to her open vagina during sex and her weakened immune system.

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Because HPV often has no signs and symptoms, it’s very difficult to diagnose. When you notice any changes in your body related to sexual health, you should consult your doctor immediately. Genital wart is one of the most common HPV symptoms which most people are easily exposed to. You can apply Vidarox to remove the warts first, then talk to a doctor to deal with the virus. It’s because the virus still lives in your body despite the treatment. Many doctors and patients believe Vidarox is the best HPV treatment that can help get rid of warts fast and effectively.

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