The Top 5 Cancers Leading Death in Women

The Top 5 Cancers Leading Death in Women

Dec 28
The Top 5 Cancers Leading Death in Women

Cancer has a negative impact on the US and across the world. A cancer diagnosis is often associated with family medical history, lifestyles, and even environment. Although the death rate from cancers has declined over the past two decades in the US, it’s important to keep raising awareness of them. Keep reading the article to know the top 5 cancers leading death in women, and what steps you should take to reduce that risk.

The Top 5 Cancers Leading Death in Women

1. Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the top cancers leading death in women. It’s expected to make up 30% of female cancer cases and 14% of the 282,500 woman cancer deaths estimated for 2017. The cancer can occur in female at any age, but the risk will go up as you get older. Women have greater chances of developing breast cancer than other because of certain factors. Apart from your genes, there’re some risk factors you should notice, such as:

  • Your age
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Heavy drinking
  • Being overweight
  • Not breastfeeding
  • Post-menopause hormone therapy
  • Lack of exercise
  • Red meat consumption

While there’s no definitive way to prevent breast cancer, being aware of the above risk factors may help keep breast cancer in your control. Besides, making changes in your daily life reduces your risk of the cancer. Try to:

  • Get breast cancer screening exams and tests each year or every six month
  • Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise every day
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat a well-balanced diet
  • Drink alcohol in moderation

Related: Top 8 Medical Tests Women Should Do When They’re in 30s

Breast cancer is one of the top cancers leading death in women

Breast cancer is one of the top cancers leading death in women

2. Lung Cancer

Similar to breast cancer, lung cancer is one of the top 5 cancers leading death in women. It’s supposed to account for 12% of women cancer cases and 25% of women cancer deaths in 2017. While smoking is the major cause of the cancer, 20 percent of women who have lung cancer never smoke. Other causes of lung cancer could be to blame, including:

  • Secondhand smoke
  • Exposure to radon in your home
  • Genetics
  • Environmental and occupational exposures
  • Air pollution

To reduce your risk of lung cancer, a healthy lifestyle is crucial. Besides an exercise plan, a healthy diet is helpful. Also, limiting your alcohol intake can lower the risk of lung cancer. Of course, stop smoking is one of the main keys of reducing the risk of lung cancer.

Lung cancer occurs in women even though they never smoke

Lung cancer occurs in women even though they never smoke

3. Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer can occur in woman who is sexually active because of the human papillomavirus (HPV). The virus is passed during sexual contacts. But not all types of HPV virus cause cervical cancer. Only high-risk HPV strains, like HPV 16 and HPV 18 are responsible for the cancer. Also, you may get genital warts caused by HPV 6 and 11 that can be treated by VidaroX cream, cryotherapy, or laser. A part from the HPV, there’re some risk factors increase your risk of the cancer, such as

  • Smoking
  • A weakened immune system
  • Being overweight
  • Family history of cervical cancer
  • Having multiple full-term pregnancies

Though cervical is one of the top cancers leading death in women, it can be treated at the early stages. Thus, to reduce the risk of getting the cancer, all things you need are to:

  • Get HPV vaccine, it’s better to get the vaccine before having sex
  • Get cervical cancer screening often
  • Practice safe sex, including reduce sexual partners and wear condoms
  • Stop smoking
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle

Related: What You Should Do During Cervical Cancer Treatment

A Pap smear test can be helpful to detect cervical cancer

A Pap smear test can be helpful to detect cervical cancer

4. Colon and Rectal Cancers

While colon and rectal cancers can occur in teenagers and young people, adult people ages 50 and over are mainly diagnosed. The average age that women are diagnosed with the cancers are 72. They are also the top cancers leading death in women you should notice. Aside from the age, other risk factors can include

  • Family history of colorectal cancer
  • Smoking
  • An inflammatory bowel disease
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Heavy drinking
  • Being overweight
  • Races, like African-American

Colon and rectal cancers usually take 10-15 years to the abnormal cells to grow in the colon. It means that regular colonoscopy screening tests can be useful to detect polyps and remove them before they grow abnormal. This helps you avoid consequences of these cancers. In addition, many studies have also shown that getting enough calcium is linked to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer. Limiting processed meat and red meat, and increasing fiber intake also help reduce the risk.

Women with colorectal cancer

Women with colorectal cancer

5. Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer often occurs when women get older. It’s also one of the top cancers leading death in women. More than 22,000 women estimated to have an ovarian cancer diagnosis, and 14,000 women could die from it in 2017. There’re some warning signs of ovarian cancer, but the early symptoms are often vague and ignored. Only 20 percent of ovarian cancer cases are detected at the early stages. Also, the exact cause of the cancer is clearly unknown, but the following factors can increase your risk, such as

  • A family history ovarian cancer
  • Obesity
  • Hormone therapies
  • Overusing of certain fertility drugs
  • Not breastfeeding
  • A personal history of uterine, breast, and colon cancer
Ovarian cancer often occurs when women get older

Ovarian cancer often occurs when women get older

Unfortunately, there’re no good tests for detecting ovarian cancer early at this time. A Pap test also doesn’t help detect ovarian cancer. But some tests may be used in women who have high risk of the cancer. You should immediately see your doctor if have the following symptoms more than a week

  • Abdominal swelling
  • Digestive problem, like loss of appetite, gas, and bloating
  • Pelvic pain or abdominal pain
  • The need of urinating all the time

A pelvic test is necessary for women. Also, you should talk to your doctor about your risk for ovarian cancer and if any tests may be right for you.

There’re many types of cancer affecting women health. But the above top cancers are dangerous because they are cancers leading to death in women. Although you can’t prevent your family history of cancer that also puts you at risk, making lifestyle changes can be helpful. Healthy lifestyle habits, such as a good diet, exercise, weight control, and stopping smoking can put the cancers under your control.

 

 

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