What Is Nanomedicine?

What Is Nanomedicine?

Jun 29
What Is Nanomedicine?

In modern society, there are many dangerous diseases. They occur to human body and cause millions of deaths, but some have no treatment. Cancer is now one of the main causes of mortality worldwide and accounted for 8 million deaths each year. Besides, many countries are facing more and more the increase of cancer incidence. And there are more new cancers discovered every year. So, many researchers and doctors are looking for a specific treatments. These can deal with it and save human life. Finally,they develop nano-medicine and use it globally. People apply nanomedicine for improving the treatments and lives of patients. In fact, nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology. It plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of serious disease in the human body.

Nano-medicine Basics

Generally, nano- medicine is the use and application of materials with sizes in the nanometer range. People use nanomedicine in a healthcare setting, especially in cancer treatment. Because cancer cells are very tiny, people cannot see and treat it by eyes or microscope. But, nano medicine can do it. It is because a nanometer is one-millionth of a millimeter. So, it can enter cancer cells and destroy primary and secondary tumors. To do this, those nanoparticles used for drug delivery are usually in the 20 to 100 nanometer range. Also, this can vary depending on the design of the nanoparticle.

Thus, nano- medicine has the potential to enable early detection and prevention. And, it can improve diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of many diseases including cancer. In particular, nano- medicine can deal with fungal infections, ovarian and breast cancer.

How does nano- medicine work?

Nano- medicine can work in many different ways.

First, it combines with drugs. Then, it can help carry specific compounds that will let them bind, or attach, to molecules on tumor cells. Then, they can safety deliver the drug to the specific tumor site.

Second, drugs dissolved nanomedicine. Then, people give them to bloodstreams or infected areas.

But, nano medicine are tiny chemotherapy molecules. So, it can diffuse through the vessels. Then, attack surrounding tissues and sometimes cause allergic reactions in patients.

Here are some ways of how nano- medicine could transform common medical process:

– Diagnostic nano machines used for monitoring the internal chemistry of the body. In particular, people give mobile nano robots into the blood and lymph systems. Then, check and send out warnings when chemical imbalances occur or worsen.

– People could implanted nano machinesin the nervous system. It can help examine brain-wave activity, pulse, and other functions.

– Nano- medicine could associated with drugs for delivery or implanted hormones.

– Nano- medicine could work in creating artificial antibodies. Also, it produces artificial white and red blood cells and antiviral nano robots.

Nano- medicine with tiny particles can move and work in blood and cells in human body. So people can exploit its advantage for dealing with difficult diseases.

Types of nano- medicine

Nowadays, there are more than 70 products of nano- medicine under clinical trials. They includes all major diseases. For example, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, and inflammatory. To support healthcare areas, nano- medicine accounts for 77 marketed products. They all range from nano-delivery and pharmaceutical to imaging, diagnostics and biomaterial.

Those nano- medicines are from many types of nanoparticles. They vary in characteristics like shape and size. Also, each nanoparticle can develop its own effect with the right combined drugs. There are some common types of nano- medicine such as liquid polymer micelles, DNA origami.

– Liquid polymer micelles have used in make- up removers. But they could also have applications in drug delivery.

– Gold nanoparticles used in cancer and macular degeneration treatment.

– Diamond nanoparticles used to carry drugs, coat implants. And, synthesize materials in body.

– DNA origami could have applications for drug delivery. And even nano robotics that can act as biological computers.

In short, nano- medicine is a tiny molecule. It contains drugs fighting disease. Because it is tiny, it can enter to many different tiny cells and work more effectively.

Nano- medicine applications

They apply nano- medicine for many serious diseases, including:

– Nano- medicine in cancer. It can be useful for early diagnosis of cancers. Also, give accurate cancer imaging, and cancer therapy and drug delivery.

– Nano- medicine targeting atherosclerosis.

– Nano- medicine to fight against infections from antimicrobial bacteria. For example, FORMAMP for treating bacterial infectious diseases. PneumoNP, for treating pneumonia infections. And NAREB for antibiotic resistant emerging bacterial pathogens.

– Nano- medicine to fight diabetes: insulin treatment.

– Nano- medicine for the eye: nano medicine eye drops.

– Marrying nano- medicine and tissue engineering.

– Nanotechnology and Alzheimer disease.

– Nanoparticles for diagnosis and therapy of arthritis.

– Nanotechnology to fight against infectious diseases. For instances, nanoparticles combined with antibiotics to fight bacteria.

These day people use nano- medicine in many medical treatments. For example, Fugacil nano- medicine antifungal treatment, Vidarox nano- medicine HPV treatment. Those products are the topical remedy that utilizes the power of nano- medicine.

Nano- medicine is one of the useful and advanced inventions. It can help handle with dangerous conditions that seemed to have no treatment. Nano- medicine promises a great success for medicine area. And it should be widely applied in saving human life.

 

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